Egg is an important source of protein, especially for children. However, a lot of children have allergic reactions to egg. The allergy could range from mild, such as rashes, to severe in the form of anaphylaxis. The whites of an egg contain proteins that are mistakenly attacked by the body’s immune system, thinking that they are harmful invaders, by triggering the release of histamine that triggers the allergic symptoms.
Signs and Symptoms of Egg Allergy
The allergic reaction to egg varies from person to person although the reaction appears almost right after exposure. Some of the mild symptoms of egg allergy include the following:
- Rashes or skin inflammation, which are the common reactions to allergies.
- Runny nose, allergic rhinitis, and nasal congestion.
- Diarrhea, abdominal crams, nausea, and vomiting.
- Wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing which are similar to the signs and symptoms of asthma.
In some cases, the allergic reaction to egg is severe enough to lead to a life-threatening emergency called anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is manifested through constriction of the airways and the person may feel like having a lump in their throat. It may also be accompanied by a rapid pulse rate and abdominal pain and cramping. After a while, the person may suffer shock that will be manifested in the sudden drop of blood pressure, dizziness, and at times, loss of consciousness.
A person suffering from anaphylaxis requires an immediate shot of epinephrine. It is recommended that children with egg allergy must have immediate access to an epinephrine auto-injector such as EpiPen or Adrenaclick.
Children who have egg allergy must totally avoid eggs and other food products that contain eggs or egg protein. Federal law requires food products to indicate if they contain eggs or egg derivatives. Food labels must constantly be checked to avoid ingesting food items that may contain egg or egg protein.
Did you know that a permanent solution for egg allergy sufferers may be available? Click here to learn more about Family Allergy Clinic’s sublingual immunotherapy for egg allergies.